Towards Liberty

Bitcoin Archive

Bitcoin is libre open source sound money. The rabbit hole goes deep, anyone willing to accumulate valuable information and seek to understand it will discover truth. Drink deep at the fountain of knowledge, ask for help from those who have achieved wisdom, and act upon what you understand by raising your unbegun peers.

This is an open source archive maintained by Max. Please, if you have any interesting and truthful sources of information about Bitcoin, reach out and issue a pull request. This page is published under the Open Anarchist License. Use Control + F to search for key words.

Introduction to Bitcoin

Bitcoin white paper, by Satoshi Nakamoto

Bitcoin white paper with annotations

Introduction to Bitcoin, by Andreas Antonopolous

Bitcoin for beginners, by Andreas Antonopolous

Explain Bitcoin like I'm five

Bitcoin explained

The essence of how Bitcoin works [non-technical], by the Curious Investor

How Bitcoin works under the hood [technical], by the Curious Investor

Ever wonder how Bitcoin works? [very technical], by 3Blue 1Brown

Bitcoin only

A Human Rights Activist’s Response to Bitcoin Critics, by Alex Gladstein

Must Read Books

The internet of money [two volumes], by Andreas Antonopolous

The Bitcoin standard, by Saifedean Ammous

Mastering Bitcoin, by Andreas Antonopolous

Programming the blockchain in C#, by Nicolas Dorier and Adam Ficsor

History of Bitcoin

The writings of Satoshi Nakamoto

Writings preceding Satoshi & Bitcoin

The rise of the cypherpunks, by James Lopp

Running a Full Node

Part of Max' thesis on Anarchy in Money, Chapter on The Sovereign Full Node

Bitcoin is an electronic peer-to-peer cash system. The important aspect is peer-to-peer, that is that the individual user has full control over the system, and doesn’t delegate the power to a centralized party. However, the system is truly trust less, if and only if the individual user runs a full node. This is a piece of software that can be freely installed on any hardware, computer, dedicated device like the nodl [running Bitcoin, LND, BTC Pay Server, Tor, and Samourai Dojo], RaspberryPi running RaspiBolt or [RaspiBlitz], Bitseed [or other NUC based hardware], or a smartphone with ABCore. Ultimately, the end user could write this software from scratch, but this is of course very complex and not reasonable to assume. There are several different clients already, that can be used in order to communicate with the rest of the network, the most advanced of these software is the Bitcoin Core client. It is 100% open source, each and every line code can be seen, copied, changed and improved by anyone, without asking for permission, thus everyone can verify the entire software.

When downloading the Bitcoin clients, Alice can set any kind of individual rule that she wants. She could increase the number of Bitcoin in existence, change the proof-of-work algorithm, change the network routing, or take away control from another UTXO and give herself the control over these coins. There are literally no restrictions on the individual user, he can change anything and everything he wants.

Once the rules are set, the node introduces itself to the network and queries for other nodes to communicate with. Alice’s node will receive lots of information from many different participants, and she herself will verify the adherence to her rules authoritatively. When the incoming block is valid, for example the coin base reward is 50 bitcoin, halving every 210.000 blocks, she will store it on her drive. However, if according to Alice’s rules, the transaction proposed is invalid, for example a double spend, her node will reject it, block the sending node, and tell her peers about the malicious actor. Alice does not need to trust anyone in the validation process, as she has full access and control of the source code rule set. This is a self sovereign node, a monarch, a single Ruler who rules only The Kingdom of Self. Sovereignty is a state in which one controls one’s own thoughts [individual rules], emotions [verification of these rules], and actions [enforcement of these rules].

Securing your financial sovereignty, by Jameson Lopp

How to Run a Bitcoin Node over Tor Hidden Service on Ubuntu, by Jameson Lopp


Hot Wallets

Electrum Bitcoin Wallet for Linux, Windows, MacOS

Wasabi Wallet for Linux, Windows, MacOS, privacy focused

Green Address for Android, iOS, & browser extension

Samourai Wallet for Android and ioS, privacy focused

Hardware Wallets

Cold Card

Trezor and Setup guide for Linux

Ledger and Setup guide for Linux


Cold Storage

Glacier Protocol

Paper Wallet Generator, Coin Glacier and tutorial

Bitcoin Storage & Security 101, by Pamela Morgan

Key Generation With Dice

Subzero, by Alok Menghrajani

The Business of Cold Storage, by Nik Bathia

Private Key Backup

Don't back up your keys on hardware connected to the internet, and especially not the cloud. Use old school pen and paper, with long-lasting inc, best to laminate for water resistance as well. You should consider physical safety and fire protection with a decent safe.

Back up fire resistant with Blockstream Metal, Cryptosteel, or do it yourself with a metal letter stamp

Maybe in the future after more research and testing, use Shamir's Secret Sharing to securely split up your seed into m-of-n parts. This is #reckless... Satoshi Lab's implementation, Ian Coleman's implementation, Ron Raiter's implementation

Encrypt your backup seed with BIP 39 "25th word"

Do visual encryption with the Revealer or by steganography.

Smart Custody


Privacy Wiki

Privacy Guide

Wasabi Wallet is a privacy focused desktop wallet with the Zero Link Framework and Schnorr Blind Signature Coin Join

Samourai Wallet is a privacy focused mobile wallet

How TubleBit works, by Adam Gibson

How Pay Join works, by Adam Gibson

How CoinJoinXT works and Code, by Adam Gibson

Coin Selection and Privacy, by Andreas Antonopolous

The privacy of Bitcoin, Dash, Monero, Verge, ZCash, Mimble Wimble, the battle of the Privacy Coins, by Aaron van Wirdum

Running Anonymous Bitcoin Node Over Tor, by Stadicus

Privacy Extremism

Mimble Wimble whitepaper, by Jedusor, T. (2016)

Buying Bitcoin

Bisq is a cypherpunk self-hosted non-custodial censorship resistant peer to peer decentralized bitcoin exchange without KYC.

Hodl Hodl is non-custodial but centralized exchange

Find local trading partners with offchain Bitcoins or Local Bitcoins

Use voucher systems like Azteco or Fast Bitcoins




Get some testnet bitcoin at a faucetsand get some testnet lightning network inbound capacity.

Entrepreneurs and Vendors Accepting Bitcoin

The best way to close the monetary loop is by spending bitcoin for your goods and services, this means you have to hold on to less of the Fiat shitcoin. Encourage your local entrepreneurs to research Bitcoin and show them how beautifully it works. They will realize how this monetary tool is useful in resource allocation, and they will want to get their hands on a couple sats, just in case it will catch on. It's your responsibility to save them from the collapsing fiat system, and it gives you the great opportunity to fully enter the second realm.

Bitrefill and Purse for gift cards

Open Bazaar peer-to-peer market place


It's easy: just use Bitcoin!

AirBitz Merchant Directory

Lightning Network

LND, c-lightning and eclaire lightning network protocol implementations

Basics of lightning network technology: BOLT

Videos about the lightning network, by Andreas Antonopuolos

Lightning Q&A by The Brand

Lightning 101: What is... the Lightning Network, a Lightning Node, a Lightning Invoice, a Lightning Channel, Routing, Network Fees, Privacy, Challanges and Limitations, for Exchanges and their regulation I & II, Security, by SuredBits & Chris Stewart & Torkel Rogstad

Lightning apps directory


The time value of bitcoin, part 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 by Nik Bhatia

The Bitcoin Lightning Network: Scalable Off-Chain Instant Payments, by Poon, J., Dryja, T. (2016)

Eltoo: A Simple Layer 2 Protocol for Bitcoin, by Decker, C., Russel, R., Osuntokun, O. (2017)

Scalable Funding of Bitcoin Micropayment Channel Networks, by Burchert, C., Decker, C., Wattenhofer, R. (2017)

Anonymous Multi-Hop Locks for Blockchain Scalability and Interoperability, by Malavolta, G., Moreno-Sanchez, P., Schneidewind, C., Kate, A., Maffei, M. (2019)

2-of-3 Instant Escrow, or How to Do "2-of-3 Multisig Contract" Equivalent on Lightning, by Poon, J. (2016)

Lightning Network Specifications (BOLT)

Working with Micropayment Channels, by BitcoinJ (2017)

BIP 68: relative lock-time using consensus-enforced sequence numbers (OP_CSV), by Friedenbach, M. BtcDrak, Dorier, N., Kinoshitajona (2015)

BIP 112: CHECKSEQUENCEVERIFY, by Friedenbach, M., BtcDrak, Lombrozo, E. (2015)

What does OP_CHECKSEQUENCEVERIFY do?, Bitcoin Stack Exchange Q&A by Friedenbach, M., O'Dell, N., Schnelli, J. (2015)

Routing fee economics, by BitMEX Research

Fee Estimation

Visual mempool, by Jochen Hönicke

What the fee matrix, by Felix Weis

UTXO management

Xapo consolidating 4 Million UTXOs

The importance of coin control for privacy, by Adam Ficsor

Consolidating coin join UTXOs

Predictive UTXO management, by Dmitry Petukhov

Bitcoin Script

Bitcoin Script Wiki

Bitcoin Script 101, by Grokchain

Chapter 6 on Transactions, of Mastering Bitcoin

Standard Transaction, of the Bitcoin Developer-Guide

The Bitcoin Script Language, by Davide De Rosa

Advanced Bitcoin scripting Part 1 and Part 2, by Andreas Antonopolous

Bitcoin script for beginners, by Jason Dreyzehner

A look at Bitcoin non-standard outputs, by Antoine Le Calvez

Bitcoin Contracts

Bitcoin multisig the hard way: Understanding raw P2SH multisig transactions

Bitcoin Core reference implementation

Virtual script execution Bitcoin IDE, BitAuth, Debug

Multiparty ECDSA

Fast Multiparty Treshold ECDSA, by Gennaro, R., Goldfeder S., (2018)

Fast Secure Multiparty ECDSA, by Lindell, Y., Nof, A., Ranellucci, S. (2018)

Two party signing ECDSA, by Snigirev, S. (2018)

Scriptless Scripts with ECDSA, by Kate, A., Moreno-Sanchez, P. (2018)

Signature Aggregation for Improved Scalability, by Maxwell, G. (2016)

Schnorr Signatures

Many videos and explanations in Max' playlist

Schnorr Multi-Signatures with Applications to Bitcoin, by Maxwell, G., Poelstra, A., Seurin, Y., Wuille, P. (2018)

Taproot, and Schnorr, and SIGHASH_NOINPUT, by Wuille, P. (2018)

Taproot: Privacy preserving switchable scripting, by Maxwell, G. (2018)

Schnorr signatures for Bitcoin, by Wuille, P. (2016)

A Deep Dive into Bitcoin Core Developer, by Maxwell, G. (2015)

BIP Schnorr, by Casatta, R., Nick, J., Troelsen, J., Turner-Arthur, J., Ruffing, T., Provoost, S., Virial, V., Wuille, P., Williams, A. (2018)

Schnorr implementation, by Wuille, P. (2018)

How Schnorr Signatures may improve Bitcoin, by Snigirev, S. (2018)

Schnorr signatures BIP discussion O'Conner R. (2018)

Multiparty signatures discussion, by Aronesty, E. (2018)

A Conversation with Dan Boneh about Schnorr, BLS, & ECDSA

Bitcoin Core Technology Roadmap 2017 - Schnorr Signatures and Signature Aggregation

Bitcoin Core Meeting Schnorr BLS ECDSA

Schnorr Signatures in the Elements Project, by Strateman, P. (2018)

Schnorr Signature Newsletter, by OpTech Group, Harding, D., Lee, S., Jachymiak, M., O'Beirne, J., Newbery, J. Schmidt, M. (2018)

Schnorr vs ECDSA - Bitcoin Stack Exchange Q&A, by Knoblock, L., Wuille, P. (2018)

Schnorr Batch Validation - Bitcoin Stack Exchange Q&A, by Wuille, P., Jon (2018)

What are the Implications of Schnorr Signatures - Bitcoin Stack Exchange, by Back, A., Friedenbach, M., Harding, D., Troelsen, J. (2015


Short signatures from the Weil pairing, by Boneh, D., Lynn, B., Shacham, H. (2017)

BLS Signatures: Better than Schnorr, by Snigirev, S. (2018)



Decentralized Exchange & Cross Chain Atomic Swap

Bisq non-custodial self-hosted decentralized exchange

Atomic cross chain trading, Bitcoin Wiki

What is an atomic swap, by JP Buntinx

Lightning and atomic cross chain swap, by Aaron van Wirdum

Atomic swap Q&A, by Andreas Antonopuolos

Panel discussion on atomic swaps, on the World Crypto Network

Decentralized exchanges and counterparty risk, by Andreas Antonopuolos

Check swap availability

Hard Forks

Why Hardforks are Altcoins, by Jimmy Song

How to claim airdrops

Cost of a 51% Attack


Proof of Work

Blockchain Proof-of-Work Is a Decentralized Clock, by Gregory Trubetskoy

Why blockchain is hard, by Jimmy Song

Alternatives to blockchain, by Jimmy Song

The Ethereum-blockchain size has exceeded 1TB, and yes, it’s an issue, by

Stop And Decrypt

How secure is 256 bit security?, by

3Blue 1Brown

ASIC and mining FAQ, by Andrew Poelstra

Positive externalities of Bitcoin mining, by Node Blockchain

Crypto Anarchy and Cypherpunk

The Crypto Anarchist Manifesto, by Timothy C. May

The Cyphernomicon, by Timothy C. Max

A Decleration of the Independence of Cyberspace, by John Perry Barlow

A Cypherpunk Manifesto, by Eric Hughes

Crypto Anarchy and Virtual Communities, by Timothy C. May

The Future of Cryptography, by Dorothy E. Denning

Anarchy, State, and the Internet: An Essay on Lawmaking in Cypress, by David G. Post

Cypherpunk Mailing List

The Second Realm

A Lodging of Wayfaring Man


Alongside Night

Two Realms

Aristocracy of Action

Anarchy in Money ~ on the Ethical Economics of Bitcoin

An act is morally righteous only when it is chosen voluntarily, as there is no violation of property rights and Natural Law. The free market is a complex network of sovereign individuals engaging in mutually beneficial exchange. A money is the store of value, medium of exchange and unit of account chosen by free market participants. As money is half of every transaction, it is of enormous importance to the economy and society at large. A monetary network which is based on voluntary action and with no systematic theft is both economically and morally righteous.

Bitcoin is a money that emerges out of the free and peaceful market, with sovereign nodes declaring their individual monetary rules, presenting themselves to a network of peers and enforcing consensus rules. With a hard and predictable monetary base and equal opportunity for any individual to enter the market of money production, there is no institutionalized theft via inflation. Thus, Bitcoin is true market anarchy and freedom.

Download the full paper.

Podcasts & YouTube Videos

World Crypto Network

Tales from the cypt, with Marty Bent and Matt Odell

Stephan Livera Podcast

Andreas Antonopolous

Bitcoin & Markets, with Ansel Lindner

Crypto Voices, with Fernando Ulrich and Matthew Mežinskis

Block Digest with Shinobi, Janine, Rick

The Coin Pod, with Zack Voell


What Bitcoin Did, with Peter McCormack

Let's Talk Bitcoin Network

Bitcoin Knowledge Podcast with Trace Mayer

Noded & Crypto Mises, with Pierre Rochard and Michael Goldstein

Rene Pickhardt


402 Payment Required

Crypto Cast Network

BTC Pay Server, with Nicolas Dorier

Bull Bitcoin, with Francis Pouliot

Juan Galt



The Bitcoin Rabbi

James C

Mad Bitcoins

Justin Moon

Conferences & Lectures

Current schedule of upcoming events that Max will speak at and attend.

Scaling Bitcoin

San Francisco Bitcoin Developers

Bitcoin Munich

Chaincode Labs

The Bitcoin Foundation

MIT Bitcoin Club

Bitcoin Lectures

Bitcoin Milano

Breaking Bitcoin


Bitcoin Edge Dev++

Bitcoin 2019 Conference

Bitcoin Austria

Best Bitcoin Conferences, recorded by Ryan Taylor

London Bitcoin Developers

Baltic Honey Badger

Hackers Congress


Understanding Bitcoin

Blockchain Hotel

Unchain Berlin


Transylvania Crypto Conference

Online Academies:

Introduction to Digital Currencies, MOOC by the University of Nicosia

Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Technology, by Princeton University

Bitcoin: What is it?, by Khan Academy

Bitcoin or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Crypto, by Charles Hoskinson

7 Day Video Course on Bitcoin, by 99 Bitcoins

Blockchain at Berkeley

The Basics of Blockchain Programming, by Davide De Rosa


Magic Money: The Bitcoin Revolution

Banking on Bitcoin


Bitcoin: End of Money as we Know it

Life Inside a Secret Bitcoin Mining Farm

The Bitcoin Gospel

The Bitcoin Phenomenon

Ulterior State

The Bubble Film

Other Websites

Bitcoin Wiki

Jameson Lopp Resource Page

Joel Dudley Resource Page

Essays on Bitcoin

Satoshi Nakamoto Institute

Learn Me a Bitcoin

Bitcoin Only

Privacy is Your Right. Visit the Tor hidden service of this page. 7a5eaokoytoqpp6jgklwg5kevzltv2cclwzbyvakyzaeghe4rqipe7ad.onion